Avocados are delicious and nutritious but delicately grown fruits that not everyone knows how to assume. Yes OK its cultivation is delicate, It is not impossible to have your own avocado tree at home and grow it so that it bears a lot of fruit.. Thus, then we will explain how its sowing and cultivation should be.
Planting the avocado plant at home
The first thing to do is take an avocado or avocado that is ripe, it is best to use one that is the fruit of a neighbor's tree. Another option is buy a certified seed for your area. This will ensure that the seed will actually germinate in the soil of your garden..
After, the avocado you choose to sow its seed it must be a fruit that is well ripe. We cut the meat and very carefully not to damage or injure the seed, we extract it. When removing it we will realize that it has an oval shape, that is, with a pointed side and a flat side.
Identify each of its sides, that is, the flat and the tip, Well, when placing it in water, the flat part should be placed pointing downwards and the tip pointing up.. Bury about four toothpicks one centimeter from the tip, Well, this will help us with the structure to put it in water.
Place the seed carefully in a glass of water. The water in the glass should cover only half of the seed and the structure with the toothpicks will help the seed not sink into the water while it germinates. Nor should you let the water rot, so you must change it every two days.
You should also place the glass near a window where the sun shines and away from the cold.. After two months will be the time to transfer it to a pot.
Pass the seed to the pot
It is recommended that before passing the seed to the ground it is placed in a pot and wait there for the plant to establish.. It is also recommended that the pot is small about two liters. Later it will be decided whether to transfer it to a larger one or directly to the ground.
The advantage of small pots is that they maintain a better control of the level of humidity that is maintained in them.. Another issue is that to ensure that the plant has the adequate nutrients, a potting mix is purchased. In other words, a land prepared with worms, compost and soil.
Another vital matter is make sure the pot contains one or more small holes so that the water comes out. This is because the avocado plant does not grow in flooded soils..
When passing the seed to the pot, must bury it to the part where the roots begin. Hold the plant in place and add the soil while gently squeezing the pot to cover the roots.. The bone or seed must never be completely buried, only halfway, this one should stick out.
Finally, just pat the potting soil gently against the ground. Later, take out the chopsticks and add a little water.
Branch the plant
After a month, it will be necessary that branch pot plant. Here you will have two options, prick only the tip, that is, the crown of the plant to branch only the tip, or also puncture the incipient or nascent leaves.
Another option, is that if you notice that the stem of the plant is too long, can just make a diagonal cut in the area closest to its last fledgling. After a month and a half you will notice the different branches that arise.
The best thing for the plant is that do not place it where direct but indirect light reaches it. Another recommendation is that the plant be planted in spring and left in the pot until late summer., when passing that time, upgrade to a bigger one.